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The business plan as the effective tool of planning of investment actions in the conditions of changing environment

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The final and key section of the business plan is a financial plan. its maintenance should not disperse from the data presented in other sections. the most important predicted elements on which basis of the enterprise make the financial plan, the sales volume and the cost price of realised production (services) are. on the basis of the report on profits and losses, the plan-balance and the report on movement of monetary streams carry out the analysis of financial resources and choose the scheme of financing of the investment project. costs and the incomes connected with the project, should be measured on to a basis (after a profit tax deduction) to reflect size of real incomes and expenses. in domestic practice for an estimation of efficiency of investments use three indicators is more often: the pure resulted cost of the project (the size of the discounted income under the project), internal norm of profitableness, a time of recovery of outlay of expenses. it is not necessary to stop on any one indicator as each of them has the advantages and lacks. calculation of the pure resulted cost of the project allows to choose projects which maximise firm cost, and also considers various cost of money in time. however at use of this method risks of the project, stocks of "durability" of calculations insufficiently accurately come to light. calculation of internal norm of profitableness creates accurate criteria for decision-making, considers monetary streams during all life cycle of the project, but the choice of the projects maximising cost of firm in this case is not always possible. the project time of recovery of outlay is easy enough for calculating and understanding. unfortunately, at this method of an estimation are not considered various cost of money in time, a difference in time of reception of incomes within the recoupment period.

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